牛津英语高一下模块三Unit1知识点



Second Semester Book 3
Unit 1
Warm up
Sometimes senses affect one another. One another: 彼此,相互;用于三者或三者以上事物之间。 E.g., There are 4 members in our family. We support one another. Blind people can read by touching letters in raised dots called Braille. Raised dots 凸起的点 raised 动词的过去分词做形容词有被动含义,如: Broken vase, Promised Land People with hearing problems can understand each other using sign language. Each other: 互相之间;用于两者或两者以上之间。 E.g. Being friends, you need to understand and respect each other。
Reading
Story Reading Strategy:
Read the first and last sentence of each paragraph guess what the paragraph is about read the paragraph check vocabulary, phrase, grammar and extending A plot, main characters, a certain time period, a place, a problem or an issue to be solved, a climax or a surprise ending
Target Vocabulary:Crossword puzzle :
The city was already covered in a grey mist. a grey mist: 一层灰蒙蒙的雾气 mist 不可数名词,但可数名词前有形容词时,需要在形容词前加上不定冠词 a 或 an。 e.g. There’s a heavy rain tomorrow. The truth is that the fog is too thick for the bus to run that far. That far: 那么远 that 可以作为副词,修饰形容词或副词,相当于 so I hadn’t realized that the situation was that serious. While the rest of the passengers were getting out, she glanced at the faces around her. While: 当…的时候;后面接持续进行的动作,如: While she was watching TV, she heard a noise outside. Outside, the fog lay like a thick, grey cloud. Lie:躺着 过去式:lay 过去分词:lain Lie:说谎 过去式:lied 过去分词:lied Lay:放置 过去式:laid 过去分词:lain When Polly got to the station entrance, it was deserted. Deserted: 荒芜的,没人的 The deserted yard is full of weed. Now she wanted to run, but fear held her still. Hold someone still Hold: 使保持某种状态,后常接形容词或副词,做宾语补足语。 e.g. Could you hold the door open for me, please? Polly found herself staring up at a man standing with his hand resting on her arm. Find oneself 发现自己(出于某种状态) :后面接介词短语或现在分词。 She found herself in hospital when she waked up. The face that she saw was that of an old man. That 指代前面的 the face I can remember some terrible fogs, but maybe that was before your time. Before your time: before you were born Ah, twenty! A nice age to be. A nice age to be. 为省略句,完整表达为: Twenty is a nice age to be. Suzhou is a comfortable city to live in. Do you mean Suzhou? A nice city to live in! Now we are at the corner. At the corner: 在拐角的点上 In the corner:在室内的角落
On the corner:在街道等(某个面上的)拐角 I’m quite lost now. Be lost: 迷路 A fog this bad is rare. This bad: so bad It gives me the chance to pay back the help that people give me when it’s sunny. Pay back: 回报; 偿还 I lent him 500 dollars,but he forgot to pay back..
Reading Exercises Grammar and usage
Noun clause as subject: 由 that, if/whether, how 引导 That I can pay back the help people give me makes me happy. Whether he’ll be able to come is not yet known. Why they have not left yet is unclear. It as empty subject: It was good news that everyone got back safely. Noun clause as object: She sensed that she was being watched. I’m interested in who that young man is. Noun clause as predicative of be: The truth is that the fog is too thick for the bus to run that far. My question is whether Polly can find her way home. Noun clause as apposition to a noun: 同位语 The fact that Polly didn’t ask for the man’s name is a pity. Whatever gave you the idea that I can sing. Noun clause in the reading: The possibility that pleasant smells might reduce pain has recently been suggested by new research. As people believe that strong smells can affect the senses … Scientists are interested in whether the sense of smell is related to pain and whether men and women have the same senses. Now the study has proved that for women, pleasant smells reduce pain.
He adds that this year, scientists will test another 60 volunteers and will be in a better position to explain the results. One explanation is that women’s sense of smell developed long ago… Scientists used to believe that mothers recognized their children by sight only. Now, they have started to believe that the sense of smell also helps, but why pleasant smells do not reduce pain in men is a question still to be answered by scientists.
Task Telling a Story
A. Right Order: 316254 B. In right order: EECCCR
 

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