牛津英语整理模块七课文及翻译



江苏省淮阴中学 2007 届高三英语专项训练 054 号
牛津英语模块七
编制:王新凤
Unit 1 TV and audio devices: a review
Early history of TV The first public showings of wireless TV transmissions were made in 1925 in the USA and in 1926 in Britain. Later, in 1928,the first long-distance TV broadcast was made between the UK and the USA. Regular public broadcasting followed shortly after, first beginning on 11May 1928 in New York and in London on 20 August 19
  29. Many different people contributed to the development of TV. Because of this, it is still uncertain who invented TV. Altogether, three men could be responsible. Vladimir Zworykin, a Russian living in the USA, Philo Farnsworth, a farm boy from Utah in the USA, and John Logie Baird from Scotland all invented early forms of TV between 1923 and 19
  27. A few years later, color TV was first shown in 19
  29. It took more than two decades, though, until 1951, for colour broadcasts to begin in the USA. By 1967, most broadcasts were in color and within five years, more colour than black-and-white TV sets were being used. The modern age: cable TV, satellite TV, digital TV, ... Cable TV began in 1948 in the USA, but it took 50 years before 66 per cent of American households had it. Satellites were used to broadcast TV beginning in 19
  62. Some consider digital TV to be superior to satellite TV because it allows the same services to be delivered with clearer pictures than before. International standards for digital TV were established in 1989 and within five years, consumers in the USA had access to 200 channels. By 2004, digital TV signals were being received by 55 per cent of households in Britain. In 1996, a completely new concept was introduced when the first Web TV set-top boxes came onto the market. This combines the TV set with the World Wide Web. With interactive TV programming, you can play along with game shows, respond to questionnaires and chat to other viewers. Early history of audio devices It all began in 1877 when Thomas Edison made the first recording of a human voice. Ten years later, the first record player was developed. It was invented by Emile Berliner, a German living in the USA. At that time, the record player had to be wound up by hand and only played a record for two minutes. In 1958, the first LPs (long-play records) came onto the market. Tape recorders and players 1931 was the year when a German company began to make the first tape recorders, which could record and play sounds on a tape wound around a round object. In 1948, three American scientists invented the transistor, which is a small electronic device to control an electric current, but they only developed it for military use. Two young Japanese engineers had a better idea. They bought the patent
1
江苏省淮阴中学 2007 届高三英语专项训练 054 号
牛津英语模块七
编制:王新凤
and applied the technology to create the transistor radio. In 1954, the invention of the transistor led to the development of cassette recorders. Then, in 1979, the Walkman, a portable pocket-sized cassette tape player, was introduced and became so popular that Walkman was added to the Oxford English Dictionary in 19
  86. Sound goes digital In 1982, the first CDs (compact discs) produced by using digital technology were made available. In 1986, when the D-50, a portable CD player, was launched, the Discman was born. In the following years, more CD recordings became available, and in 1988, for the first time ever, people were demanding more CDs than LPs. The next new development was the MD (MiniDisc) player in19
  92. This is like a mini CD player but can also record music and is very easy to carry, being very small, as the name ‘mini’ indicates. Development of MP3 technology started in 1987 in Germany and since the beginning of 1999, the popularity of MP3has increased to such a degree that major corporations are taking over the portable music player market with MP3 players. They are the next step on from the Walkman, Discman and MD player. Because of the popularity of MP3 players, music websites have sprung up all over the Internet offering MP3 music for people to purchase.
  1. Who might be the inventor(s) of the first TV? A. Vladimir Zworykin from Russia. C. John Logie Baird from Scotland. B. Philo Farnsworth from the USA. D. All the three above。

  2. The passage mentions country/countries which has/have put digital TV into operation by 20
  04. A. only one B. two C. three D. at least four

  3. Who might have attributed to the development of the Walkman? A. Two Japanese engineers. C. Thomas Edison. B. Three American scientists. D. Emile Berliner.

  4. What is the main factor that causes the spring up of music websites all over the Internet? A. The popularity of Walkman. C. The development of MP3 technology. B. The development of the MD player. D. The wide use of Discman.

  5. Which of the following best shows the structure of the passage? A. B. C. D.
1 2 3 (T=title ○=subtitle 1 ○=subtitle2 ○=subtitle 3
2
4 ○=subtitle 4
5 ○=subtitle
  5)
江苏省淮阴中学 2007 届高三英语专项训练 054 号
牛津英语模块七
编制:王新凤
Unit 2 Two Life-saving medicines
This article will focus on two medicines that have changed people’s lives. If you open up any medicine cupboard in the world, there is a high probability that you will find aspirin and penicillin. Both of these medicines have saved millions of people’s lives since they were invented. ASPIRIN The date that aspirin was invented is given by medical historians as 1897,but in fact, 3,500years ago, some recipes recommended drinking a tea made from the dried leaves of a particular plant to reduce body pains. About 2,500years ago, the Greek physician Hippocrates, father of all doctors, made a juice from the bark of a kind of tree to reduce fever and pain. The active chemical in this juice (salicylic acid) helped stop the pain. It was in 1897 that a European chemist called Dr Felix Hoffmann produced acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) from some other chemicals to make a medicine for his father. The first trials of this medicine took place in 1899 when the company Hoffmann worked for began giving the medicine in powder form to physicians to use with patients. A year later, in 1900, aspirin was sold in shops as a tablet containing 500milligrams of ASA. This is one of the first medicines in the world ever to be sold as a standardized tablet. In 1950, aspirin appeared in the Guinness Book of Records as the best-selling painkiller. Not only has aspirin saved many people’s lives by reducing fever and helping stop pain, but there are also other things that aspirin can help with. Lawrence craven, a doctor from the USA, is the author of several published reports, one of which introduced the idea in 1953 that aspirin could reduce the risk of heart attacks by thinning blood. The report was ignored. However, in 1971,Smith and Willis from the UK proved that aspirin was a blood-thinning medicine, and in 1977, a study carried out in the USA showed that the chemical ASA in aspirin could prevent a stroke, which is a type of serious illness when blood vessels in the brain burst suddenly or are blocked. Eleven years later, Dr Thun from the USA showed that ASA could reduce the risk of colon cancer by 40 per cent. In 1999, aspirin was 100 years old and yet there have been more discoveries on how it can help increase the length of people’s lives. In 2003, a Chinese doctor, Dr Yuan Minsheng, found that ASA could reduce blood sugar levels and, therefore, help people with diabetes. PENICILLIN Another drug that has helped increase the standard of people’s health is penicillin. This bacteria-killing medicine is considered by many to be one of the most important medicines in contemporary society. It was discovered by a Scottish scientist named Alexander Fleming in 19
  28. He
3
江苏省淮阴中学 2007 届高三英语专项训练 054 号
牛津英语模块七
编制:王新凤
noted that mould had grown on a special transparent jelly that had bacteria on it. He saw that the mould had killed them. Fleming tried this mould out on another bacterium and found that it killed the bacterium too. He immediately thought that this application might help in treating wounds and illnesses caused by bacteria. He named the chemical found in the mould ‘penicillin’ and tried to make it pure to be a medicine, but was unable to do that. Fleming did not give up. However, it was not until World War II that two other scientists, Howard Florey (Australian) and Ernst Chain (German born English) managed to use new chemical techniques to purify it. They were able to produce it in large quantities. Their new drug was needed immediately because of the war, so mass production started quickly. Due to the widespread use of penicillin, many lives were saved during World War II. It was a dream come true. If penicillin had not been available, many people would have died from bacterial illnesses or even minor wounds. Penicillin is also used to treat other illnesses including pneumonia, an illness that affects the lungs. So, although Fleming discovered penicillin, it was over a decade before someone else turned penicillin into the great drug of the 20th century. In 1945, all the three scientists, Fleming, Florey and Chain, shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their work, and penicillin rapidly became the powerful ‘wonder drug’ which saved millions of lives.
  1. We learn from the passage that the trial use of aspirin in powder form may date back to . A. 2500 years ago B. 3,500 years ago C. 1897 D. 1899

  2. Aspirin has been recognized as the best-selling painkiller by the world . A. for fewer than 50 years C. for more than 50 years B. since 3,500 years ago D. ever since it was put onto the market

  3. Various researches and reports show that aspirin can be used in at least different ways in medical treatment. A. five B. four C. three D. six

  4. Penicillin was discovered in and saved many lives in . A. 1914; World War I B. 1928; World War II C. 1929; Vietnam War
  5. Penicillin can be used to treat all of the following except . A. pneumonia B. wounds caused by bacteria C. diabetes D. illnesses caused by bacteria D. 1945; World War II

  6. Why did Fleming share the Nobel Prize with other two scientists? A. Because they all discovered penicillin at almost the same time. B. Because Fleming wasn’t able to discover penicillin without the other two’s help C. Because the other two scientists succeeded in purifying penicillin. D. Because penicillin wasn’t put into mass production until World War II.
4
江苏省淮阴中学 2007 届高三英语专项训练 054 号
牛津英语模块七
编制:王新凤
Unit 3 THE EFFECTS OF THE INTERNET ON OUR LIVES
The Internet has positive effects on our lives My name is Zhu Zhenfei and I am speaking for the ‘pro-Internet’ side. That is to say, I believe that the Internet has positive effects on our lives. There are two main points which must be included in any analysis of the Internet and its use. The first is its value for people who are looking for information. The second is the ability to build groups online and form friendships, which the Internet gives us. When people are in need of information, from current affairs and weather forecasts to travel packages and academic research, the Internet is now the first place that many people turn to. With the touch of a button or the click of a mouse, a student can acquire knowledge from the information held in the largest libraries and museums in the world, whether he or she lives in a small village or downtown in a big city. Internet users can communicate with experts on all sorts of topics, and read articles written by people who are leaders of their fields. However, some people are sceptical. They claim that the Internet is useless and that using the Internet is a waste of time. They say children spend too much time chatting and playing games instead of focusing on their school work. However, a recent survey done in the USA showed that 80per cent of frequent Internet users use it mainly to search for answers to questions. The second most common use of the Internet, according to 70 per cent of the survey respondents, is to advance knowledge about hobbies. These statistics prove that gathering information is the primary use for the Internet. Another truly wonderful aspect of the Internet is the way people use it to build social ties. One of the greatest benefits of Internet friendships is that they are based on common interests, rather than appearance, age or popularity. Young people from different backgrounds and different counties can form lifelong friendships. Moreover, people who are disabled and must stay in their homes can communicate with the outside world and meet others with similar interests. Without the Internet, these people would have fewer chances of meeting people. For these reasons, I believe the Internet remains a positive tool that helps make our lives better. The Internet has negative effects on our lives My name is Lin Lei and I will be representing the ‘con’ side of the debate. In my opinion, the Internet has negative effects on our lives. The main drawbacks of the Internet I will address today are uncontrolled information and the change in the way people spend their time. Of course, access to up-
  •  
 

相关内容

牛津英语整理模块七课文及翻译

  江苏省淮阴中学 2007 届高三英语专项训练 054 号牛津英语模块七编制:王新凤Unit 1 TV and audio devices: a reviewEarly history of TV The first public showings of wireless TV transmissions were made in 1925 in the USA and in 1926 in Britain. Later, in 1928,the first long-distance TV br ...

人教版必修2课文及翻译

  人教版必修 2 课文及翻译★清华大学★英语系测试:为中小学生英语量身定做. 清华大学★英语系测试: 中小学生英语量身定做. 量身定做 官方网站: 官方网站:http://qinghua.yeryy.com/ 英语教授研究组提供 清华大学英语教授 清华大学英语教授研究组提供必修二课文及翻译 Unit 1 In search of the amber room Frederick William I, the king of Prussia, could never have imagined th ...

2011届高三第一轮词汇复习学案[牛津英语模块七]

  嘉兴英语教学网 www.jxenglish.com 收集整理 欢迎使用江苏省沭阳高级中学 2011 届高三第一轮复习英语学案 Unit 1 Living with technology (Module 7)【考点释析】1. It is still uncertain who invented TV. 至今还未能确定谁发明了电视。 uncertain adj. 不确定的;无把握的;是 certain 的反义词 ▲ be uncertain about / of sth. 对…不确定 / 没把握 T ...

项脊轩志原文及翻译

  项脊轩志《项脊轩志》是明代文学家归有光的名篇。文章借项脊轩的兴废,写与之有关的家庭琐事, 表达人亡物在,三世变迁的感慨,也表达作者怀念祖母、母亲和妻子的感情。被编入多种版 本的高中语文课本。中文名: 项脊轩志 类型: 文言文 年代: 明代 体裁: 散文 题材: 记物 作者: 归有光 特色: 细节生动作品原文项脊轩志 项脊轩, 旧南阁子也。 室仅方丈, 可容一人居。 百年老屋, 尘泥渗 (shèn) 漉(lù),雨泽下注;每移案,顾视无可置者。又北向,不能得日,日过 午已昏。余稍为修葺(qì),使 ...

高中英语必修1 课文翻译

  高中英语必修 1 课文翻译(人教新课标 课文翻译 人教新课标) 人教新课标 第一单元 友谊Reading 安妮最好的朋友 你是不是想有一位无话不谈能推心置腹的朋友呢?或者你是不是担心你的朋友 会嘲笑你, 会不理解你目前的困境呢?安妮?弗兰克想要的是第一种类型的朋友, 于是她就把日记当成了她最好的朋友。 安妮在第二次世界大战期间住在荷兰的阿姆斯特丹。她一家人都是犹太人,所以 他们不得不躲藏起来,否则他们就会被德国纳粹抓去。她和她的家人躲藏了两年 之后才被发现。在这段时间里,她唯一的忠实朋友就是她的 ...

高二选修项脊轩志原文及翻译

  项脊轩志原文及翻译项脊轩,旧南阁子也。室仅方丈,可容一人居。百年老屋,尘泥渗漉,雨 泽下 注;每移案,顾视无可置者。又北向,不能得日,日过午已昏。余稍为修葺,使 不上漏。前辟四窗,垣墙周庭,以当南日,日影反照,室始洞然。又杂植兰桂竹 木于庭,旧时栏,亦遂增胜。借书满架,偃仰啸歌,冥然兀坐,万簌有声;而庭 阶寂寂,小鸟时来啄食,人至不去。三五之夜,明月半墙,桂影斑驳,风移影动, 珊珊可爱。然余居于此,多可喜,亦多可悲。先是,庭中通南北为一。迨诸父异爨,内外多 置小门,墙往往而是。东犬 西吠,客逾庖 ...

高考英语作文范文及翻译汇编

  高考英语作文范文及翻译集锦一、议论类........................................................................................................................3 自行车还是汽车....................................................................................................... ...

高中英语作文范文及翻译汇编

  中学生学习库(http://www.xuexiku.cn),内部会员参考交流资料 高中英语作文范文及翻译集锦www. xu exiku .c n高中英语作文范文及翻译集锦中学生学习库(http://www.xuexiku.cn),内部会员参考交流资料 高中英语作文范文及翻译集锦www. xu exi高中英语作文范文及翻译集锦 ...................................................................................... ...

高中语文全册文言文原文及翻译

  高中文言文翻译 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~目录 第一册 第二册 第三册 第四册 第五册 第六册第一册烛之武退秦师 勾践灭吴(节选 勾践灭吴 节选) 节选 邹忌讽齐王纳谏 触龙说赵太后 季氏将伐颛臾 寡人之于国也 劝学 秋水 过秦论 鸿门宴 兰亭集序 归去来兮辞第二册谏太宗十思疏 腾王阁序 师说 阿房宫赋 六国论 游褒禅山记 伶官传序 石钟山记 项脊轩志 五人墓碑记 登泰山记 病梅馆记第三册卫风? 卫风?氓 秦风? 秦风?无衣 邶风? 邶风?静女 离骚(节选 离骚 节选) ...

高中英语必修1 课文翻译(人教新课标)

  第一单元 友谊Reading 安妮最好的朋友 安妮最好的朋友你是不是想有一位无话不谈能推心置腹的朋友呢?或者你是不是担心你的 朋友会嘲笑你,会不理解你目前的困境呢?安妮弗兰克想要的是第一种类型的 朋友,于是她就把日记当成了她最好的朋友。 安妮在第二次世界大战期间住在荷兰的阿姆斯特丹。她一家人都是犹太人, 所以他们不得不躲藏起来,否则他们就会被德国纳粹抓去。她和她的家人躲藏了 两年之后才被发现。在这段时间里,她唯一的忠实朋友就是她的日记了。她说, “我不愿像大多数人那样在日记中记流水账。我要把这本 ...

热门内容

汇编浅析淄博市高一师生同写高考作文活动安排

  2012 年全国高考模拟参考部分淄博市高一师生同写高考作文活动安排各备课组: 为引导广大师生熟悉高考作文命题方向, 进一步提升师生的写作水平, 增强对网络教 研的熟悉程度与掌控能力,在全市高一年级组织一次师生同写高考作文活动。要求如下: 1、“见证”、“我有一双隐形的翅膀”、“我和故事”、“站在 目,任选其一。根据高一训练重点,必须写成记叙文。 2、教师须写一篇下水文,学生须全部写作,选出范文一篇。 3、教师下水文与学生范文于 12 月 31 日前上传至淄博教科研网高中语文网站“学科 主页”中的 ...

《过万重山漫想》教案

  丰富的资源 最快的更新 优质的服务 诚信的运作《过万重山漫想》教案??宁波行知中等职业学校 孙旭红一、课题:高教版中职语文第二册第一单元*四《过万重山漫想》 二、教学目的 1、整体感知课文,理清文章思路,准确领悟主体。 2、突破语言层面,品味文章语言,体会文章深蕴的文化魅力和思维深度。 3、训练学生的想象力和创造力,懂得“过万重山”与“第一个”的联系, 正确领悟“三峡”的真正涵义,进行生命美育熏陶,提升生命价值。 三、教学重点、难点及解决方法 1、教学重点:整体感知,准确把握文章主题。 2、教学 ...

高考英语正反观点对比写作

  作文写作训练议论文__正反观点对比 __正反观点对比基础写作: 基础写作: 请根据以下的写作内容, 请根据以下的写作内容, 使用5 使用5个规范的英语句子描述 全部所给的信息内容. 全部所给的信息内容.写作内容 作为一个中学生, 你肯定经历过多次考试, 作为一个中学生 你肯定经历过多次考试 体验过成功, 也遭遇过失败. 请你根据提示内容, 体验过成功 也遭遇过失败 请你根据提示内容 简要概述中学生普遍存在的对考试失败的两种 态度, 并结合自身实际, 说明你的观点. 态度 并结合自身实际 说明你的 ...

高考语文复习 语言连贯的解题思路及课堂练习-新人教ppt

  语言连贯的解题思路及课堂练习广东江门高中 汪汪1.保持陈述对象的一致, .保持陈述对象的一致, 上下文的话题要统一。 上下文的话题要统一。[例1]与下面句子衔接最恰当的一项 克林顿当选为美国总统,成为举世瞩日 的风云人物。当谈及自己的成长经历时, 总统先生不无感慨地表示:这完全得益 于中学时代的一次总统模拟活动。A.从小立大志,定能从此走向辉煌。 B.学生时代的生活经历,对人的影响实在重要。 B C.要想把理想变为现实,就一定要经历生活的 磨难。 D.多方面开展模仿活动,对人的成长不无裨益。[例 ...

江西省重点中学协作体2011届高三下学期第三次联考(英语)

  高考资源网(ks5u.com)您身边的高考专家江西省重点中学协作体 2011 届高三第三次联考英语试卷 英语试卷命题:南昌二中高三英语备课组 吉安县中高三英语备课组本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题) 。满分为 150 分。考试用时 120 分钟。 考试时间:2011 年 5 月 14 日下午 15:00?17:00 试卷满 150 分第Ⅰ卷(共 115 分)第一部分:听力 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给 ...